中国听力语言康复科学杂志

2020, v.18;No.99(02) 96-98

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在校大学生听力健康现状调查
Cross-Sectional Study of Hearing Health among University Students

沈晓丽;赵乌兰;王燕;白银婷;
SHEN Xiao-li;ZHAO Wu-lan;WANG Yan;BAI Yin-ting;

摘要(Abstract):

目的通过调查在校大学生听觉行为习惯、噪声暴露水平及听力现状,了解在校大学生听力减退的危险因素,为增强在校大学生听力保健意识,有针对性地开展防聋治聋工作提供依据。方法用分层随机整群抽样法对1008名(2016耳)宁波市大学生行问卷调查、耳科检查和听力学检测,分析引起在校大学生听力减退相关因素。结果被调查大学生听力减退患病率为4.57%,听力残疾(disabling hearing impairment,DHI)患病率为0.79%,耳疾患病率为5.36%。Logistic回归分析显示,噪声、感染、耵聍栓塞是引起在校大学生听力减退的主要因素。结论引起在校大学生听力减退的危险因素可防可控,加强在校大学生听力保健意识将有助于防聋治聋工作的开展。
Objective The purpose of the study was to investigate the prevalence of hearing loss by studying the daily hearing behaviors and habits, exposure levels of noise, and the current status of hearing loss, so as to provide evidence for hearing loss prevention and treatment in adolescents. Methods A cross-section study was used to investigate on college students in the city of Ningbo. Questionnaires, ear physical examination and audiologyic tests were used to analyse the related factors about hearing loss. Results There were 1,008 participating students with 486 males(48.21%) and 522 females(51.79%). The prevalence of hearing loss was 4.57%, the prevalence of DHI was 0.79%, and the prevalence of ear disease was 5.36%. Logistic regression analysis showed that noise, infection and ketatosis obturans were the main factors causing hearing loss in adolescents. Conclusion The risk factors of hearing loss in adolescents can be prevented and controlled. Strengthening the awareness of hearing care will be helpful to the prevention and treatment of hearing loss in adolescents.

关键词(KeyWords): 在校大学生;听力损失;危险因素
University students;Hearing loss;Risk factors

Abstract:

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基金项目(Foundation): 浙江省教育厅科研计划项目(Y201738585);; 2016年浙江省教育厅高等教育教学改革项目(jg20160375)

作者(Author): 沈晓丽;赵乌兰;王燕;白银婷;
SHEN Xiao-li;ZHAO Wu-lan;WANG Yan;BAI Yin-ting;

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